Content associated with: Enumeration abstract, 1831 (Part 2)    Page 952

An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase or Diminution thereof.

[23 June 1830]

11 Geo. IV. c.30

The Overseers of the Poor or some substantial Householder of every Parish and Place in England, and such persons as shall be appointed in Scotland, shall take an Account of the Number of Persons found within each Parish and Place, and set down the particulars, according to the Form in Schedule. WHEREAS it is expedient to take an Account of the total Number of Persons within the kingdom of Great Britain, together with the progressive Increase or Diminution thereof, from the Year One Thousand eight hundred and twenty to and for the Year One Thousand eight hundred and thirty; May it therefore please Your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That within that Part of Great Britain called England, the respective Overseers of the Poor, or some substantial Householder of every Parish, Township, or Place to be appointed as herein-after mentioned, and within that Part of Great Britain called Scotland, such Persons as shall be for that Purpose appointed in the manner herein-after mentioned to act in and for every Parish, shall, at the Time and in the Manner herein-after directed, severally take an Account of the Number of Persons who shall be actually found at the Time of taking such Accounts to be within the Limits of such Parishes, Townships, and Places respectively, and shall set down the several Particulars respecting the same, according to the Form prescribed in the Schedule annexed to this Act.
Printed copies of the Act and Schedules shall be transmitted by the King's Printer to the Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks in England; the Acts to be distributed by them to the Clerks of the Divisional Meetings and the Schedules to the different Persons appointed for England; and printed Copies of the Act shall also be transmitted to the Sheriffs, &c. in Scotland, and Schedules for Distribution. II. And for the more speedy and effectual obtaining of such Accounts, be it further enacted, That a sufficient Number of printed copies of this Act, and of the Schedules thereto annexed, (together with such explanations as may be deemed necessary,) shall, so soon as conveniently may be after the passing of this Act, be transmitted by His Majesty's Printer to the Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks of the several and respective Counties, Ridings, Divisions, Precincts, Sokes, Franchises, Liberties, Cities, Boroughs, Towns and Counties Corporate in that part of Great Britain called England; and that the said several Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks shall and they are hereby required, with all convenient Speed, to cause the said Act to be distributed amongst the Clerks of the Divisional Meetings within their respective Limits, and also cause a sufficient Number of the Schedule to this Act annexed to be delivered to the High Constables, (or where there are no High Constables, to such other proper Officers who have the Execution of Precepts from Justices of the Peace to inferior Officers within their respective Limits,) at the Easter Quarter Sessions of Peace in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one; and within that Part of Great Britain called Scotland, a sufficient Number of printed Copies of this Act, and of the Schedule thereto, shall in like Manner be transmitted to the Sheriff Deputes of Counties, and Provosts of the Royal Burghs of Edinburgh and Glasgow, who shall cause a sufficient Number of the said Schedule to be delivered to such Persons and at such Times as are for that Purpose herein-after mentioned.
In England, the High Constables shall, at the Easter Sessions 1831, receive from the Clerks of the Peace, etc. the Schedules, and forthwith deliver One to the officiating Minister, etc. and one other to an Overseer or substantial Householder of each Parish or Place, who shall, with the Assistance of the Churchwardens, &c. upon May 30, 1831, take an Account of the Number of Persons therein; and inform themselves, by going from House to House of certain Particulars, and prepare Answers to Questions according to the Form in the Schedule.


Penalty for refusing to answer, or wilfully giving false Answers.
III. And be it further enacted, That within that Part of Great Britain called England, the High Constables, (or other proper Officers so described as aforesaid,) within their respective Jurisdictions aforesaid, shall at the said Easter Quarter Sessions of the Peace in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, pursuant to the Directions aforesaid, receive from the Clerks of the Peace or Town Clerks, the said printed Schedules, and forthwith deliver or cause to be delivered One such Schedule to the Rector, Vicar, Curate, or other officiating Minister, and One other such Schedule to One of the Overseers of the Poor of every Parish, Township, or Place, as well within Towns Corporate as without, in their respective Limits, and also One such Schedule to the Overseer or Overseers of every Extra-parochial Place within the said Limits, or instead thereof to some One substantial Householder residing within the said Parish, Township, or Extra-parochial Place, and well acquainted therewith, if he shall be directed so to do by any Justice of the Peace within the District; and thereupon the said Overseers (or such fit Person as they shall appoint by and with the Consent of Two of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace), or substantial Householders as aforesaid, taking to their Assistance the Churchwardens or Chapelwardens, (or any Person or Persons appointed by an Justice of the Peace at the Request of such Churchwardens or Chapelwardens,) Sidesmen, Parish Clerk, and Vestry Clerk, (if any,) and employing, if they shall think fit, the Constables, Tithingmen, Headboroughs, or other Peace Officers for such Parishes, Townships, or Places, or any fit Person or Persons thereunto appointed by any Two of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace, upon Application to that effect by the Overseers or substantial Householders charged with the Execution of the Provisions of this Act, (such several Persons, except the aforesaid Churchwardens or Chapelwardens, being hereby required to be aiding and assisting therein for that Purpose,) shall, upon Monday the Thirtieth Day of May in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, proceed to take an Account in Writing of the Number of Persons at that Time being within the Limits of such Parishes, Townships, and Places, respectively, and inform themselves of the several Particulars relating to the Matters specified in the Thirteen first Questions in the said Schedule, by proceeding together or separately from House to House, or otherwise, as they shall judge expedient for the better Execution of this Act, and from such Information shall prepare an Answer or Return to the said Questions, according to the Form prescribed in the said Schedule, and shall sign the same with their Names and respective Additions as such Overseers or substantial Householders as aforesaid; and the better to enable the said Overseers or substantial Householders as aforesaid, to make such Answers and Returns, they, and the Persons so assisting them as aforesaid, are hereby authorized and empowered to ask all such Questions of the Persons within the said Parish, Township, or Place, respecting themselves and the Number and Quality of the Persons constituting their respective Families, as shall be necessary for stating the Particulars required to be stated concerning them, in the said Answers and Returns; and every such Person refusing to answer, or wilfully giving a false Answer to such Questions, or any of them, shall for every such Refusal or false Answer forfeit a Sum not exceeding Five Pounds nor less than Forty Shillings, at the Discretion of the Justice or Justices before whom the Complaint thereof shall be made.
Officiating Ministers in England shall transmit an Answer to Questions in the Schedule relative to Baptisms, Burials, and Marriages, before the 20th June 1831. to the Bishop of the Diocese, who shall transmit the same, before 11th July 1831, to his Archbishop, to be laid before the Privy Council by the 1st August, who shall cause an Abstract thereof to be laid before Parliament. IV. And be it further enacted, That ever Rector, Vicar, Curate, or other officiating Minister of every Parish, Township, or Place (Extra-parochial or otherwise) in England, including Free Chapels, Donatives and Peculiars, to whom such Schedule shall have been delivered as aforesaid, and having Custody of any Register which is not copied into the Register of a Mother Church, shall forthwith prepare an Answer or Return to the Questions relative to Baptisms, Burials, and Marriages, in the said Schedule set forth, and shall, on or before the Twentieth Day of June One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, duly transmit such Answer or Return to the Bishop within the Limits of whose Diocese the said Parish, Township, or Place, is situate; and the several Bishops shall, on or before the Eleventh Day of July One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, transmit the same to the Archbishops of their respective Provinces, and thereupon the said Archbishops shall, on or before the First Day of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, cause the same to be laid before His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, who shall cause an Abstract thereof to be prepared and laid before both Houses of Parliament, within Ten Months after the said First Day of August, or if Parliament shall not then be sitting, within the First Fourteen days of the Session next ensuing.
Justices in England shall appoint a Time and Place (between the 25th of June and 21st of July 1831) for the Overseers or Householders to attend with Returns and Answers to the Questions stated in the Schedule, and cause Notice of such Time and Place to be given to them and the High Constables; and the Overseers, &c. shall then deliver Returns upon Oath. V. And be it further enacted, That the Justices of the Peace, or any Two or more of them, within their respective Jurisdictions in England, shall, at, or so soon as conveniently may be after, the said Easter Quarter Sessions in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, appoint a Time and Place or Times and Places (which Time shall be not sooner than the Twenty-fifth Day of June, nor later than the Twenty-first Day of July in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, and may be at the Midsummer Quarter Session if they shall think fit,) for the Overseers of the Poor of the several Parishes, Townships, and Places within their respective Divisions or Limits, or for such substantial Householders as aforesaid (as the Case may be), to attend them, for the Purpose of this Act, with Returns and Answers to the Questions stated in the Schedule to this Act annexed, and cause Notice of such Time and Place to be given to such Overseers and Householders respectively according to the Form in the Schedule to this Act, and also to the High Constables, or, where there are no High Constables, to such other proper Officers as aforesaid; or some one of them, in and for every Parish, Township, or Place, shall and they are hereby required to attend the Justices of the Peace at such Meeting or Meetings respectively, and then and there deliver to the said Justices, in Writing signed by themselves, a just and true Answer and Return to the said Questions, upon Oath, (or being of the People called Quakers, on Affirmation,) as herein-after directed, and the said High-Constables, or other proper Officers so described as aforesaid, shall and they are hereby required to attend the said respective Meetings for the Purposes herein-after directed.
Justices in England shall receive the Answers and Returns and administer the Oath in each Schedule, with Power to examine the Overseers and Householders upon Oath, and adjourn their Meetings not later than the 21st July 1831, and shall deliver the Answers and Returns to the High Constables, who shall indorse the Returns, and transmit them to the Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks by 28th July 1831. VI. And be it further enacted, That the said Justices of the Peace shall and they are hereby required to receive and take, at such Meetings so to be appointed by them as aforesaid, the Answers and Returns to be made pursuant to the Directions aforesaid, and then and there to administer to the said Overseers or substantial Householders respectively the Oath or Affirmation contained in the said Schedule; and if they see Cause to examine such Overseers and Householders upon Oath or Affirmation, touching any of the Matters contained in such Questions and Answers, and, if necessary, to adjourn the said Meetings to any Time or Times not later than the said Twenty-first Day of July, and to any Place or Places, in order that the said Returns may be rendered more complete or satisfactory, and shall then deliver such Answers and Returns to the respective High Constables or other proper Officers as aforesaid, who shall thereupon indorse on each of such Returns the Name of the County, and also of the Riding, Division, Rape, Wapentake, Lathe, Precinct, Soke, Franchise, Liberty, City, Borough, Town, or County Corporate, wherein the Parish, Township, or Place therein mentioned is situate, and shall deliver or transmit such Returns, together with a true and perfect List of every Parish, Township, and Place, and also of the Overseers and Householders aforesaid to whom such Schedule shall have been delivered as aforesaid, to the several Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks (for the Jurisdiction in which the said Justices are authorized to act,) at their respective Offices, on or before the Twenty-eighth Day of July One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one.
The Sheriff Deputes, &c. in Scotland shall appoint Schoolmasters or other fit Persons to take Account of the Matters required by this Act; and the Sheriffs Officers, &c. shall deliver the Schedules to the Persons so appointed, who shall take an Account of the Number of Persons, and inform themselves of certain Particulars, and prepare Answers to Questions according to the Form in the Schedule.

Penalty for refusing to answer, or wilfully giving false Answers.
VII. And be it further enacted, That, within that Part of Great Britain called Scotland, the Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes in their respective Counties, and the Provosts of the Royal Burghs of Edinburgh and Glasgow within the said Burghs, shall nominate and appoint in Writing under the Hand of their respective Clerks, the Schoolmaster, or other fit Person or Persons in each Parish or Part of a Parish within their respective Jurisdictions, to take account of the several Matters required by this Act; and the Sheriffs Officers and Town Officers respectively are required forthwith to deliver the said Schedule to the Schoolmaster, Person or Persons so appointed; and on the said Thirtieth Day of May One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, the Schoolmaster, Person or Persons so appointed, shall proceed to take account of the Number of Persons at that Time within the Limits of their respective Parishes and Places, or Parts of Parishes distinctly, in case the Parish shall not be wholly contained in one and the same County, and inform themselves of the several Particulars relating to all the Matters specified in the said Schedule, by proceeding from House to House, or otherwise, as they shall judge expedient, for the better Execution of this Act, and from such Information as aforesaid shall prepare an Answer or Return to all the said Questions according to the Form prescribed in the said Schedule, and shall then exhibit the same to the Minister of the Parish for his Correction and Approbation, and for any Observations which he may think fit to write thereupon; and the several Schoolmasters and other persons appointed shall thereafter sign the same with their Names and ordinary Designations; and the better to enable them to make such Answers and Returns as aforesaid, they are hereby authorized and empowered to ask all such Questions of the Persons within their respective Parishes, respecting themselves and the Number and Quality of the Persons constituting their respective Families, as shall be necessary for stating the Particulars required to be stated concerning them in the said Answers and Returns; and every such Person refusing to answer, or wilfully giving a false Answer to such Questions, or any of them, shall for every such Refusal or false Answer, forfeit a Sum not exceeding Five Pounds, nor less than Forty Shillings, at the Discretion of any competent Magistrate before whom the Complaint thereof shall be made.
The Sheriff Deputes &c. in Scotland shall appoint a Time (not sooner than 1st nor later than the last Day of June 1831) for the Schoolmasters or other fit Persons to attend with Returns and Answers to the Questions in the Schedule, which the Sheriff, &c. shall receive upon Oath, with Power to examine the Persons upon Oath, and shall cause the Return to be indorsed; or he may direct the Returns and Answers to be verified upon Oath before any Justice of the Peace. VIII. And be it further enacted, That the Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, for Scotland, and the Provosts of the Royal Burgh of Edinburgh or Glasgow, within their respective Jurisdictions, shall appoint a Time or Times, which shall not be sooner than the first Day of June, nor later than the last Day of June in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, for the Schoolmaster, Person or Persons appointed by them as aforesaid, to attend at their Offices, or at such other Places as they shall appoint, with the Returns and Answers to all the Questions stated in the Schedule to this Act; and the said Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts, shall cause Notice to be given to them respectively for that Purpose accordingly; and shall then and there receive the Answers and Returns to be made as aforesaid, and administer the Oath contained in the said Schedule to the Schoolmaster, Person or Persons appointed to make such Returns as aforesaid; and such Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts aforesaid, if they see Cause, may examine the said Schoolmaster, Person or Persons, upon Oath, touching any of the Matters contained in such Questions and Answers, and shall thereafter direct their respective Clerks to indorse the same, with the Name of the County and District thereof wherein the Parish or Place therein mentioned is situated, or otherwise, (in Cases where the said Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes shall think proper,) they shall direct the Schoolmasters and other Persons aforesaid to verify the said Returns and Answers upon Oath before any Justice of the Peace within the County, and thereafter to transmit the Schedule, previous to the said last Day in June, in any convenient Manner, to the said Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, who shall direct the same to be indorsed as aforesaid.
The Accounts taken throughout Great Britain for preparing the Answers and Returns shall be preserved by the Churchwardens, &c. in England, and other Persons in Scotland, and delivered over to their Successors; and the Clerks of the Peace, &c. in England, and the Sheriff Deputes, &c. in Scotland shall transmit the Returns to the Secretary of State by 1st August 1831, an Abstract of which shall be laid before parliament within Ten Months. IX. And be it further enacted, That the several original Accounts so taken in Writing by the Overseers and Schoolmasters, or other Persons so appointed as aforesaid, in every Parish, Township, or Place within Great Britain, for the Purpose of preparing the aforesaid Answers and Returns, shall be safely kept and preserved by the Churchwardens or Chapelwardens in England, and by the Schoolmasters in Scotland, of the several Parishes, Townships, or Places to which the same relate, except the printed List in answer to the Ninth Question, and shall be delivered over by them to their Successors in Office respectively; and that said Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks throughout that Part of Great Britain called England, and the Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts in Scotland, shall, on or before the First Day of August One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, transmit with all convenient Speed such Answers and Returns as they shall have received in manner aforesaid, (together with a List of the Parishes, Townships, and Places, within their respective Counties, Ridings, or Divisions from whence no Returns have been made to them,) to the Office of His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department; and that the same shall be digested and reduced into Order by such Officer as such Secretary of State shall appoint for that Purpose, and that an Abstract thereof shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament, within Ten Months after the said First Day of August, or if Parliament shall not be then sitting, within the First Fourteen Days of the Session next ensuing.
Persons employed to have an Allowance for their Trouble and Expenses. In England, from the County Rates and Poor Rates. X. And be it further enacted, That there shall be paid and allowed for the Trouble and Expenses of the several Persons employed in the Transactions aforesaid, for every Return which shall be so made and transmitted to the Clerks of the Peace and Town Clerks respectively, pursuant to the Directions aforesaid, the Sums following; (videlicet), To the Clerk of the Peace or Town Clerk, for the Return which shall be made from every such Parish, Township, or Place in England, the Sum of One Shilling; to the High Constable or other proper Officer in England, for the like, the Sum of One Shilling and Sixpence; to the Clerks of the Justices of the Peace throughout England, for the like, the Sum of One Shilling; and that the Justices of the Peace in England, at their respective Midsummer Quarter Sessions, or at the Michaelmas Quarter Sessions following, in the Year One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, shall, and are hereby required to make an Order upon their respective Treasurers to pay the same out of the Rates to be made and collected for their respective Counties, Ridings, Divisions, Precincts, Sokes, Franchises, Liberties, Cities, and Counties Corporate, or shall cause the same to be paid out of the Poor Rates of and for such Counties Corporate, or Places as have no County Rates; and also, that the said Justices in England, at their said Midsummer Quarter Sessions, or at the Michaelmas Quarter Sessions following, may and they are hereby required to allow, the several Overseers, Householders, Parish Clerks, Vestry Clerks, or other Persons in England, a reasonable Compensation for Trouble necessarily taken, and also for the Expenses (if any) by them necessarily incurred in the Execution of this Act; and the said Justices in Quarter Sessions may and they are hereby required to allow to the Parish Clerk, or any other Person who shall have assisted the Rector, Vicar, Curate, or other officiating Minister in the Execution of this Act, a reasonable Compensation for so doing, upon his producing a Certificate from the said officiating Minister to that Effect, and shall order Payment thereof to be made out of the Church Rates or Poor Rates of the several Parishes, Townships, or Places respectively, and shall thereafter allow the same in the annual Accounts of the several Churchwardens or Overseers of the Poor.
In Scotland, from the Land Tax XI. And be it further enacted, That the Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts of the Royal Burghs of Edinburgh and Glasgow, in Scotland, may and they are hereby required to allow to the Sheriff Clerk or Town Clerks respectively, for the Return which shall be made and transmitted from every Parish or Place in Scotland, the sum of One Shilling; and to the Sheriff's Officer or Town Officer who shall distribute the Schedule to the Schoolmasters and others, for the like, the Sum of Two Shillings and Sixpence; and the said Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts, may and they are hereby required to allow to the Schoolmasters and others a reasonable Compensation for the Trouble by them necessarily taken, and also for the Expenses (if any) by them necessarily incurred in the Execution of this Act, and to order Payment thereof, and also of the Sums respectively payable to the Sheriff's Clerk or Town Clerk, and to the Sheriff's Officer or Town Officer, to be made by the Collector of the Land Tax of and for the Shire or other Place (as the Case shall require) out of any Money in his Hands, and such Collector shall and is hereby authorized to pay the same accordingly.
Penalty on Clerks of the Peace, Constables, Churchwardens, Overseers, School masters, &c. for wilful default. XII. And be it further enacted, That every such Clerk of the Peace, Town Clerk, High Constable, Constable, Tithingman, Headborough, or other such Officer as aforesaid, and also every such Churchwarden, Chapelwarden, Sidesman, Parish Clerk, Vestry Clerk, Overseer of the Poor, Householder, Schoolmaster, or other Person so appointed as aforesaid, making wilful Default in any of the Matters required of them respectively by this Act, shall for every such wilful Default forfeit a Sum not exceeding Five Pounds nor less than Forty Shillings, at the Discretion of the Justice or Justices or Magistrate before whom Complaint thereof shall be made; and in the case any of the before-mentioned Officers and other Persons shall have so made Default, or shall have so omitted to attend with or respecting the Answers and Returns at the appointed Time, the said Justices in England, and Sheriff Deputes or their Substitutes, and Provosts, in Scotland, may and they are hereby required forthwith to nominate and appoint some other Person or Persons in their Stead to execute the Provisions of this Act; and the Person or Persons so nominated and appointed, instead of the Officer or Person so making Default, or omitting to attend as aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive the Fees or Compensation herein-before mentioned, and shall also be liable to the same Penalty in case of making wilful Default.
Recovery and Application of Penalties. XIII. And be it further enacted, That the several Forfeitures and Penalties inflicted by this Act shall, if not immediately paid, be levied by Distress and Sales of the Offender's Goods and Chattels, by virtue of a Warrant under the Hand and Seal of any Justice of the Peace or Magistrate having Jurisdiction where such Offender shall dwell, rendering to the said Offender the Overplus (if any) after the Charge of such Distress and Sale shall be deducted; and in case sufficient Distress shall not be found, then it shall be lawful for such Justice to commit such Offender to the Common Gaol, there to remain without Bail or Mainprize for a Term not exceeding Three Calendar Months, unless the said Forfeiture and Charges shall be sooner paid; and the said Forfeitures, when recovered in England, shall be paid, one Half to the Informer, and the other Half to the said respective Treasurers, to be applied in aid of the Rates aforesaid; and any Person shall be deemed a competent Witness for the Execution of any of the Purposes of this Act, notwithstanding his paying or being liable to pay towards such Poors Rate or County Rates; and in case the said Forfeitures shall be recovered in Scotland, they shall be paid, one Half to the Informer, and the other Half to the Collector of the Land Tax of such County wherein the said Default shall be committed, to be by him applied in aid of the Expenditure incurred by reason of this Act.

SCHEDULE

QUESTIONS to which, by Directions of an Act passed in the Eleventh Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the Fourth, intituled, "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase or Diminution thereof," written Answers are to be returned by the Rector, Vicar, Curate, or officiating Minister, and Overseers of the Poor, or by some substantial Householder of every Parish, Township, and Place (including those Places also which are Extra-parochial,) in England; and by the Schoolmasters, or other Persons to be appointed under the said Act for every Parish in Scotland; signed by them respectively, and attested upon Oath or Affirmation by the said Overseers, or by such other substantial Householders as aforesaid in England, and by the Schoolmasters or other such Persons as aforesaid in Scotland.

Questions addressed to the Overseers in England, and to the Schoolmasters in Scotland:

Who are respectively required to take an Account of the resident Population, by proceeding from House to House on the Thirtieth Day of May One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, and on the Days immediately subsequent thereto, if One Day shall not be sufficient; and they are also required to specify in Writing the Name of the Parish or Place in the Schedule, and whether it be usually called a Parish, Township, Tything, Quarter, or by what other Denomination.

1st. How many inhabited Houses are their in your Parish, Township, or Place; and by how many Families are they occupied?

2nd. How many Houses are now building, and therefore not yet inhabited?

3rd. How many other Houses are uninhabited?

4th. What number of Families in your Parish, Township, or Place are chiefly employed in and maintained by Agriculture; or by Trade, Manufacture, or Handicraft; and how many Families are not comprised in either of the Two preceding Classes?

N.B. The total Number of Families in answer to this Question must correspond with the Number of Families in answer to the First Question; and if any Doubt shall arise as to the Class in which any Family or Family ought to be comprised, such Doubt is to be stated as a Remark (under Question Sixteen), not omitting therein to specify in which Class such Family or Families may have been comprised in your Answer to the Fourth Question.

5th. How many Persons (including Children of whatever age) are there actually found within the Limits of your Parish, Township, or Place, at the Time of taking this Account; distinguishing Males and Females, and exclusive of Men actually serving in His Majesty's Regular Forces, or in the Militia, and exclusive of Seamen either in His Majesty's Service, or belonging to Registered Vessels?

6th. How many of the Males enumerated in answer to the 5th Question, are upwards of Twenty Years old?

N.B. If this Number of Males upwards of Twenty Years old should [differ materially or otherwise as compared to the Return of 1821] from One Half of the total Number of Males [in answer to Question 5th], some Error has probably been committed, and the Answer to this Question should be examined, and corrected, if necessary.

7th. How many Males upwards of Twenty Years old are employed in Agriculture, including Graziers, Cowkeepers, Shepherds, and other Farm Servants, Gardeners (not taxable as Male Servants), and Nurserymen?

In answering this Question, you will carefully distinguish these Males into Three Classes; vizt. First, Occupiers of Land who constantly employ and pay One or more than One Labourer or Farm Servant in Husbandry; Secondly, Occupiers of Land who employ no Labourer other than of their own Family; Thirdly, Labourers in Husbandry and Farm Servants employed by Occupiers of the First Class.

8th. How many Males upwards of Twenty years old are employed in Manufacture or in making Manufacturing Machinery; but not including Labourers, Porters, Messengers, &c.; who are to be included in a subsequent Class?

9th. How many Males upwards of Twenty years old are employed in Retail Trade or in Handicraft as Masters, Shopmen, Journeymen, Apprentices, or in any Capacity requiring Skill in the business; but not including Labourers in Warehouses, Porters, Messengers, &c.; who are to be included in a subsequent Class?

N.B. To enable you to answer this Question in a Manner satisfactory to yourself a Sheet containing a List of the Denominations of several Trades is transmitted herewith, with blank Spaces for your Use in Entry of the Answers you obtain; it being understood that if any Trade or Business carried on in your Parish or Place does not appear in the printed List, you will specify such Trade at Bottom of the said List, making a Mark for each Male opposite to the Denomination of his proper Trade or Business, and adding all together for final Entry in the Schedule; to which Schedule you will annex the said printed List with your original Entries thereon.

10th. How many Males upwards of Twenty Years old are Wholesale Merchants, Bankers, Capitalists, Professional Persons, Artists, Architects, Teachers, Clerks, Surveyors, and other Educated Men? And in answering this Question, you will include generally Persons maintaining themselves otherwise than by Manufacture, Trade, or bodily Labour.

11th. How many Males upwards of Twenty Years old are Miners, Fishermen, Boatmen, Excavators of Canals, Roadmakers, Toll Collectors, or Labourers employed by Persons of the Three preceding Classes, or otherwise employed in any Kind of bodily Labour, excepting in Agriculture? Labourers in Agriculture having been already entered in the proper Place.

12th. How many other Males upwards of Twenty Years old (not being taxable Servants under the next Question) have not been included in any of the foregoing Classes? Including, therefore, in answer to this Question, retired Tradesmen, Superannuated Labourers, and Males diseased or disabled in Body or Mind.

13th. How many Household Servants, including all Female Servants, and such Male Servants (of whatever Age) as are taxed or taxable as such; also Waiters and Attendants at Inns; distinguishing the Males upwards of Twenty Years of Age from the Males under Twenty Years of Age?

N. B. Observe that the Number of Males, in answer to Questions 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th collectively, cannot be less than the Number of Males upwards of Twenty Years old, in answer to Question 6th; but will exceed that Number in consequence of including Male Servants under 20 Years of Age; and as a general Rule, always assign an Individual of mixed Occupation or Income to that by which he is supposed to profit more than by any other.

14th. If you have entered any Males in answer to the 8th Question, be pleased to specify the Manufacture or Manufactures in which they are employed; and what Proportion of the Number of those entered in answer to Question 11th are employed in any Quarry, Mines, Coal Pits, Fishery, or public Work now in progress?

15th. Referring to the Number of Persons in One thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, to what Cause do you attribute any remarkable Difference in the Number at present?

16th. Are there any other Matters which you may think it necessary to remark in Explanation of your Answers to any of the preceding Questions?

Questions addressed to the Officiating Ministers in England, having Custody of a Register which is not copied into the Register of a Mother Church, by whom a Return is to be made to the Bishop on or before the Twenty-first Day of June One thousand eight hundred and thirty-one.

1st. What was the Number of Baptisms and Burials in your Parish or Chapelry in the several Years 1821, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30; distinguishing Males from Females.

2nd. What has been the Number of Marriages in your Parish or Chapelry in the several Years 1821, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30?

3rd. Be pleased to specify, on the Schedules annexed for that Purpose, the Ages of Individuals registered in your Burial Register in the several Years from 1813 to 1830, both inclusive.

4th. What number of illegitimate Children may have been born in your Parish or Chapelry during the Year 1830, according to the best Information you posses or can obtain; and distinguishing Male and Female Children?

5th. Are there any Matters which you think it necessary to remark, in Explanation of your Answers to either of the preceding Questions? Especially, whether any and what annual average Number of Births, Deaths, and Marriages may, in your Opinion, have taken place in your Parish, without being noticed in the Parish Register?

FORM of Answers by the OVERSEERS, &c. in England, and SCHOOLMASTERS, &c. in Scotland, to the Questions contained in the Schedule to an Act, 11 Geo. 4th. intituled, "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase of Diminution thereof."

Name and Description of Parish, &c. and within what County, Hundred, Town Corporate, or other Division situate. Question Ist. Question 2d. Question 3d. Question 4th.
OCCUPATIONS.
Question 5th.
Persons, including children, of whatever age.
Inhabited Houses. By how many Families occupied. Houses now building. Other Houses uninhabited. Families chiefly employed in Agriculture. Families chiefly employed in Trade, Manufactures, and Handicraft. All other Families not comprised in the Two preceding Classes. Males. Females. Total of Persons.
                     

N.B. Individuals are to be numbered only in those Parishes, Townships or Places, where they severally happen to be at the Time of taking the Account.

Question 6th. Question 7th.
Males employed in Agriculture.
Question 8th. Question 9th. Question 10th. Question 11th. Question 12th.
Total number of Males Twenty Years old. Occupiers of Land employing Labourers. Occupiers of Land not employing Labourers. Labourers employed in Agriculture. Males employed in Manufacture, or in making Manufacturing Machinery. Males employed in Retail Trade or in Handicraft, as Masters or Workmen. Wholesale Merchants, Capitalists, Bankers, Professional Persons, and other Educated Men. Labourers employed by the preceding Classes and in other Labour not Agricultural. All other Males Twenty Years old (except Servants), including retired Tradesmen, superannuated Labourers, and Males diseased or disabled in Body or Mind.
                 
QUESTION 13th. HOW many Servants, distinguishing between Males upward of Twenty Years old                  , Males under Twenty Years old                   , Females                    ?
QUESTION 14th. IF you have entered any Males in answer to the 8th Question, be pleased to specify the Manufacture or Manufactures in which they are employed, and what Proportion of the Number of those entered in answer to Question 11th, are employed in any Quarry, Mines, Coal Pit, Fishery, or Public Work now in progress?
QUESTION 15th. REFERRING to the Number of Persons in 1821, to what Cause do you attribute any remarkable Difference in the Number at present?
QUESTION 16th. ARE there any other Matters which you may think it necessary to remark, in explanation of your Answers to any of the preceding Questions?

ATTESTATION on Oath [or, Affirmation] by the Overseers or substantial Householders in England, and by the Schoolmasters in Scotland.

I, A. B. One of the Overseers, Schoolmaster [or, a substantial Householder] of the Parish, Township, &c. of                  in the County of                  do swear [or, affirm] That the above Return contains, to the best of my Knowledge and Belief, a full and true Answer to the Questions contained in the Schedule to an Act, intitled "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase of Diminution thereof".

The above-mentioned A.B. was sworn [or, affirmed] (in England) before us, the Justices of the Peace in and for the                  of                  this Day of                  C.D. and E.F.
                                 

(In Scotland) The above-mentioned A.B. was sworn before me, the Sheriff Depute or Substitute of the                  of                  this Day of                  G.H.

The above Answers, collected and arranged by A.B. are [or are not] (in my opinion) correct.         I.K. Minister of the Parish of         


FORM of ANSWERS by the CLERGYMEN in ENGLAND to the FIRST and SECOND QUESTIONS contained in the Schedule to an Act, 11 George 4th, intituled, "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase of Diminution thereof."

Diocese of                   and County &c.                  Deanery, or Jurisdiction, &c.             City, Town, &c.                   Parish or Chapelry, &c.
QUESTION 1st. QUESTION 2d.
YEARS. BAPTISMS. BURIALS. YEARS. NUMBER OF MARRIAGES.
Males. Females. Males. Females.
1821         1821  
1822         1822  
1823         1823  
1824         1824  
1825         1825  
1826         1826  
1827         1827  
1828         1828  
1829         1829  
1830         1830  

PARISH of                                                 REGISTERED BURIALS, 1813
Column 1. Column 2. Column 3. Column 4.
Ages Males Females Ages Males Females Ages Males Females Ages Males Females
Under One Year -- -- 3 -- -- 26 -- -- 58 -- --
-- -- -- -- 27 -- -- 59 -- --
-- -- -- -- 28 -- -- 60 -- --
-- -- 4 -- -- 29 -- -- 61 -- --
-- -- -- -- 30 -- -- 62 -- --
-- -- -- -- 31 -- -- 63 -- --
-- -- 5 -- -- 32 -- -- 64 -- --
-- -- -- -- 33 -- -- 65 -- --
-- -- -- -- 34 -- -- 66 -- --
-- -- -- -- 35 -- -- 67 -- --
-- -- -- -- 36 -- -- 68 -- --
-- -- -- -- 37 -- -- 69 -- --
-- -- 6 -- -- 38 -- -- 70 -- --
-- -- 7 -- -- 39 -- -- 71 -- --
-- -- 8 -- -- 40 -- -- 72 -- --
-- -- 9 -- -- 41 -- -- 73 -- --
-- -- 10 -- -- 42 -- -- 74 -- --
-- -- 11 -- -- 43 -- -- 75 -- --
-- -- 12 -- -- 44 -- -- 76 -- --
1 -- -- 13 -- -- 45 -- -- 77 -- --
-- -- 14 -- -- 46 -- -- 78 -- --
-- -- 15 -- -- 47 -- -- 79 -- --
-- -- 16 -- -- 48 -- -- 80 -- --
-- -- 17 -- -- 49 -- -- 81 -- --
-- -- 18 -- -- 50 -- -- 82 -- --
-- -- 19 -- -- 51 -- -- 83 -- --
-- -- 20 -- -- 52 -- -- 84 -- --
2 -- -- 21 -- -- 53 -- --   -- --
-- -- 22 -- -- 54 -- --   -- --
-- -- 23 -- -- 55 -- --   -- --
-- -- 24 -- -- 56 -- --   -- --
-- -- 25 -- -- 57 -- --   -- --
Defective Registry of Ages.

In Burial Grounds of Dissenters, Jews, and others.
            SUMMARY
        Males Females Total
      1st Column      
      2nd Column      
      3rd Column      
      4th Column      

[Eighteen similar Pages, numbered consecutively 1813-1830, are to be transmitted to every officiating Minister in England.]


QUESTION 4th. NUMBER of illegitimate Children born in the Year 1830.             Males.             Females.

Annual average Number of unentered Marriages             Births.             Deaths.            


QUESTION 5th. REMARKS in explanation of the Matters stated in answer to the several Questions.



CERTIFICATE of the CLERGYMEN

I, A. B. [Rector, Vicar, Curate, or Officiating Minister,] of the Parish, Chapelry, &c., of               in the County of               do certify, That the above Return contains, to the best of my Knowledge and Belief, a full and true Answer to the several Questions contained in the Schedule to an Act, intituled "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase or Diminution thereof".                             A. B.

Witness C. D. One of the Churchwardens [or substantial Householder] of the Parish of               this               Day of             



II.

FORM of the PRECEPT for giving Notice to High Constables, Overseers, and Householders, in England, of the Time and Place appointed by Justices of the Peace for taking the Answers and Returns under this Act.

The Country &c., to wit. To the Constable, [Tythingman, or Headborough] of               in the said County.

YOU are hereby required, with all convenient Speed, to give or cause to be given Notice to the High Constable of the Hundred of                       and to the Overseers of the Poor of every Parish, Township, or Place, within the said Hundred; and if there is no Overseer therein, then to some substantial Householder therein, that they are severally required to appear at               on the               Day of               next, at the Hour of               in the Forenoon, before such of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace as shall be then and there assembled, and that the said Overseers or Householders as aforesaid, or some One of them, for every such Parish, Township, or Place, are then and there to deliver upon Oath or Affirmation, a just and true Account in Writing, signed by themselves, containing an Answer to the several Questions propounded in the Schedule to an Act, intituled "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase or Diminution thereof". Given under my Hand [or our Hands] this          Day of                  in the Year One Thousand eight hundred and         


III.

FORM of the OATH or AFFIRMATION to the Return.

You shall swear [or affirm] that the Answers and Return now made by you to the several Questions contained in the Schedule annexed to an Act, 11th George 4th, intituled "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and of the Increase or Diminution thereof", is a full and true Answer to the said Questions, to the best of your Knowledge and Belief.


IV.

FORM of INDORSEMENT by the High Constables in England, and by the Sheriffs Clerk or Town Clerk in Scotland.

County of
Riding, Division, or District of
Hundred, Rape, Wapentake, Lathe, Precinct, Soke, Franchise, or Liberty, of
City, Borough, Town, or County Corporate, of
Parish, Township, &c., of